TSCM621U15L01

Areas of Account Determination
You will need to determine the accounts to be posted in several different areas as follows
When data is transferred from the billing document to Financial Accounting, general ledger (G/L) accounts for posting sales revenue, sales deductions, and value-added tax (VAT) are determined automatically
When processing cash sales, you must set a G/L account in the document for cash settlement (no posting to customer account)
The system can determine a reconciliation account that is different from the account that is entered in the payer master record
When using payment cards, you also need to post to different G/L accounts

Account Assignment Criteria
The sales revenue accounts are created in Financial Accounting to receive certain evaluations and to be able to carry out reconciliation with Profitability Analysis

For this reason, you can set different criteria for account determination of the relevant accounts
The following criteria are defined in the standard system
Chart of accounts
Sales organization
Account assignment group for payer
This allows you to divide customers into different groups, such as domestic and overseas customers
Account assignment group for material
This allows you to divide materials into different groups, such as services and retail goods
Account key
Account keys are assigned to condition types in the pricing procedures, so that conditions, such as freight conditions, can be posted to special freight revenue accounts

You must ensure that the configurations you make for account determination match the configurations in Financial Accounting and Controlling

Revenue Account Determination
Account determination is carried out using the condition technique

Depending upon the billing type, an account determination procedure is assigned for G/L accounts

This determination procedure contains one or more condition types to which an access sequence is assigned

This access sequence is composed on individual accesses in the form of condition tables

The condition tables contain the fields and field combination upon which revenue account determination depends

The key fields are filled with document data, so that the system can search for a corresponding G/L account for relevant combination

If an access determines a G/L account, then it is set in the accounting document and the search is terminated

The account for posting VAT is not determined in account determination in Sales and Distribution
The relevant assignment is stored in Customizing for Financial Accounting under Financial Accounting Global Settings > Tax on Sales/Purchases > Posting > Define Tax Accounts

Sales and Distribution > Basic Functions > Account Assignment/Costing > Revenue Account Determination > Check Master Data Relevant for Accounts Assignment
Choose Activity > Customers: Account Assignment Groups
Change View “Customers: Account Assignment Groups”: Overview > New Entries
Change Customer > Sales Area Data > Billing Documents > Account Assignment Group
Display Billing Document
Invoice Display: Overview of Billing Items > Accounting > Display Document
Sales and Distribution > Basic Functions > Account Assignment/Costing > Revenue Account Determination > Define and Assign Account Keys
Choose Activity > Assign Account Keys
Sales and Distribution > Basic Functions > Account Assignment/Costing > Revenue Account Determination > Define Access Sequences and Account Determination Types
Choose Activity > Maintain Access Sequences for Account Determination
Change View “Access Sequences”: Overview > Accesses
Change View “Accesses”: Overview > Fields
Sales and Distribution > Basic Functions > Account Assignment/Costing > Revenue Account Determination > Assign G/L Accounts
Assign G/L Accounts > Details
Change View “Customer Group/Material Group/Account Key”: Overview > New Entries
Create Standard Order
Create Outbound Delivery
Delivery Create: Overview > Subsequent Functions > Create Transfer Order
Create Billing Document
Display Billing Document > Accounting > Display Document
Display Document: Data Entry View > Environment > Account Determination Analysis > Revenue Accounts